Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijič”

Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijič”

Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts

The Geographical Institute was founded on May 31st 1947 within the framework of the Serbian Academy of Sciences (Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts). One of the initiators, founders and the first Director of the Institute was Petar S. Jovanović, a member of the Academy of Sciences and Arts. Institute Directors have included the Academicians Pavle Vujević and Milisav Lutovac, Prof. Dušan Dukić, PhD, Prof. Milovan Radovanović, PhD, and others.

The Institute is a scientific institution, a unit of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Belgrade, whose basic activities are organisation and systematic work on developing scientific research in the sphere of geography.

It is the Institute’s task in particular to study landscape phenomena, objects, forms, relations, states and processes within the geographical environment. Its research encompasses the landscapes of Serbia, as well as the broader territories of the Balkan Peninsula, South and Central Europe and the world.

The Geographical Institute publishes the work of its collaborators in its editions entitled Journal (Collection of Papers) and Special Publications. So far, the Institute has published 60 collections of papers, containing more than 600 authorial contributions, and 76 monographs.

The Institute organises various scientific events dealing with geographical issues of topical interest and cooperates with other geographical institutions, both domestic and foreign, especially with institutes within the Academies of other countries (Bulgaria, Romania, Slovenia, etc.). Members of the Institute participate in scientific conferences within our country and abroad on a regular basis.

The Institute consists of four departments: the Physical Geography Department (comprising all the physical geographic disciplines), the Social Geography Department (dealing with research into settlements, population and anthropogeographic research), the Regional Geography Department (dealing with landscape planning and the environment) and the Cartography Department (compiling the Institute database, processing data and preparing thematic maps).

The Institute engages the services of 31 collaborators (among whom seven hold a PhD degree and 19 hold a MSc degree), who realise projects funded by the Ministry of Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia and other institutions.

Djure Jakšicća 9

1100 Belgrade

tel. +381 11 2636 276



Sociedade de Geografia de Lisboa (SGL)

The Sociedade de Geografia de Lisboa (SGL) was founded in 1875. It is, in both its aims and origins, an institution which is closely linked to the Portuguese situation at the time, to the Europe of that time and to the problem of Portuguese position in relation to overseas colonies and, in particular, to Africa.

Over the years, and through the changing fortunes of the country, it established itself as perhaps no other private institution has done, being actively connected to Portuguese cultural life, at times undertaking initiatives, at others collaborating according to the needs of national life.

Today, the maintenance and strengthening of cultural and scientific ties with Portuguese speaking countries through conferences, seminars, the production of books and the systematic publication of the Bulletin is a fundamental concern.

General cultural activity in a wide variety of fields has also been on the increase. From the study of the rational exploitation and exploration of the oceans, cartography and mathematical geography as well as the conservation of cultural heritage to the most varied areas of historical and literary study, its Committees and Departments have demonstrated the range of SGL activities.

The Library of the Sociedade de Geografia de Lisboa is currently recognised, both nationally, as indispensable for anyone wishing to research into not only the Portuguese Discoveries and Expansion, but also the Geography, History and Ethnography of the community of Portuguese speaking countries. It, therefore, annually welcomes researchers from all over the world.

Members of the SGL can join together according to their academic and cultural interest to fulfil the statutory requirements.

The four General Committees should be mentioned as well as the fifteen Professional Departments. Encompassing a large amount of the knowledge, deriving from Cartography and Mathematical Geography, trough Literature and Historical studies on Heritage, these work groups have held numerous study sessions, presenting papers and debates where varied initiatives have been put forward. The Bulletin of SGL keeps readers up to date with these sessions through summaries or even in the reproduction of papers given.

Sociedade de Geografia de Lisboa (SGL)
Rua das Portas de St° Antão
100 – 1150 Lisboa



Boletim da Sociedade de Geografia de Lisboa

Produced by associates of SGL. Papers and conferences are produced by associates and report the activities of the SGL Commissions and Sections and also of Library and Museum activities.

The Boletim is published annually.


Polish Geographical Society (Polskie Towarzystwo Geograficzne)

The Polish Geographical Society was established on 27 January, 1918. The founding meeting took place in Warsaw with the participation of 47 initiators, most of whom were professors from the University of Warsaw and Jagiellonian University, e.g. Stanisław Lencewicz, Jan Lewiński, Jerzy Loth, Bolesław Olszewicz, Stanisław Poniatowski and Ludomir Sawicki. In addition to geographers, the founding members came from different professions and scientific disciplines, including economists, historians, sociologists, meteorologists, geologists, botanists, zoologists and anthropologists.

During the inter-War period, local branches of the Society operated in Kraków, Poznań, Katowice, Łódź and Warsaw. In addition to branches, which enjoyed considerable autonomy, there were also Committees within the Society: Cartography, Historical Geography and Education (later renamed to Didactics), as well as a Lecture Section. From 1918 onwards, the Society published the Przegląd Geograficzny quarterly, and the Kraków branch published the Wiadomości Geograficzne monthly (from 1923).

The first Polish Geographical Society (PTG) convention took place in Kielce on 20-23 August 1921. From then onwards, the Society’s membership met at General Assemblies held every year. The PTG was also a co-organiser of the Polish Geographers Conventions. In 1927, the Society hosted the Second Convention of Slavic Geographers. A similar convention held in Gdynia in 1931 attracted some 400 participants, including Eugeniusz Romer and August Zierhoffer from Lvov, Mieczysław Limanowski from Vilnius, and Stanisław Pawłowski from Poznań. The event was organised as a response to the Convention of German Geographers, held at the same time in the Free City of Danzig (Gdańsk). In 1934, the PTG co-organised the Congress of the International Geographical Union in Warsaw.

In 1924, the PTG had 659 members. However, in the following years its membership shrank to 194 (in 1935). It has to be remembered however that in the inter-War period the PTG was not the only organisation bringing together geographers. In parallel, there operated other geographical associations, in Lvov (established in 1926) and Poznań (established in 1928). Additionally, in 1923 the Polish Geography Teachers Association was set up.

After a forced break caused by the Second World War, the Polish Geographical Society resumed its activity on 6 May 1945 in Warsaw. In June 1946, at the Convention of Polish Geographers in Wrocław, all the pre-War associations were united and a new organisational structure was adopted for the Polish Geographical Society, which now included the departments of Research, Teaching of Geography and Promotion of Geography. In 1946-1953, the Society was a major centre of geographical research in Poland, involved in such projects as developing a geomorphological and a hydrological map of Poland, and preparing a Bibliography of Polish Geography.

In 1953, the existing structure of the Polish Geographical Society underpinned the establishment of the Institute of Geography and Spatial Organisation of the Polish Academy of Sciences. The Institute took over a large part of the Society’s research activity and was now the publisher of Przegląd Geograficzny. Post 1953, and throughout the period until 1989, the PTG was mainly involved in the promotion of geography and in its teaching methodology. It published a scientific monthly addressed to the general public, Poznaj Świat, and organised research expeditions (e.g. voyage on the ‘Śmiały’ around South America in 1956-66, and an expedition to Iceland in 1968). At that time, the Society was funded by the state budget. The membership numbers were unstable: from an increase in 1945-49, a significant decrease at the beginning of the 1950s, another increase to the level of 2500 members in 1956, decrease in the subsequent years, and to yet another increase to 3000 in 1968 and then to 3418 in 1978.

The 1980s and the early 1990s saw a dramatic collapse, both in the membership (of only 1000 in the mid-1990s) and in the financial base of the Society. The PTG had to face the new economic reality, in which the state financing of all scientific societies and associations was terminated. In the late 1990s, the situation of the Society considerably improved, both in financial and membership terms. The role of the PTG’s research activity increased, with projects as a rule being organised in cooperation with other bodies (such as universities or scientific institutes). In 2001, certain provisions of the Statute were amended to adapt to the new socio-economic reality. Other changes were introduced in the Statute in 2005. As of 2006, the Polish Geographical Society has operated as a public benefit organisation.



Royal Dutch Geographical Society (Koninklijk Nederlands Aardrijkskundig Genootschap (KNAG)

Putting Geography on the map in The Netherlands

The Royal Dutch Geographical Society was founded in 1873. Initially, the main aim of the Society was to increase the scientific knowledge of the world and the earth. Expeditions were organized into unknown territories. The members of the expeditions also had an eye on the commercial possibilities of the areas they explored. Reminders from that period – like authentic maps and original expedition equipment – are lent to various museums in The Netherlands where they are on display. In total, around forty expeditions have been organized under the auspices of the Society. All the map making, producing inventories and collecting samples has resulted in an impressive cultural heritage.

When the need to explore vanished, the Society turned its focus to geographers and geography in The Netherlands. Modern-day KNAG stresses the distinctive and useful characteristics of geography as an academich discipline, a school subject and a profession. Besides this, the Society provides services for its members and functions as a physical and digital meeting place to share ideas, knowledge and information. Today, the Society is the professional association of academic geographers, geography teachers, geography students and professional geographers with about 3000 members. The promotion of geography in general, and the improvement of its position in primary, secondary and higher education and in scientific and applied research, are main tasks carried out by the Society. It also offers a venue for discussion and activities among geographers in a range of professions in commercial research, education, management, policy etcetera. Members come from both the public and the private sector and at they operate at the national as well as the international level.

Koninklijk Nederlands Aardrijkskundig Genootschap (KNAG)
Ganzenmarkt 6

P.O. Box 805
3500 AV Utrecht
The Netherlands

Tel. +31-30-2361202




The Society publishes the journals: Geografie, a journal in Dutch for geographers and other persons interested in geography who want to be kept informed on a broad range of topics relevant for them and on education in geography; and the scientific, English-language journal Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie (Journal of Economic and Social Geography) which is a renowned peer-reviewed journal with a broad scope in Human Geography. KNAG owns this journal that is published by Wiley. Also, a number of geography related websites and social media accounts are managed.

Last revision: 28-6-2012

The Geographical Society of Ireland


The Geographical Society of Ireland was founded in 1934 to promote geographical studies in Ireland and welcomes as members all persons who are interested in the subject. Some ninety people attended the first meeting convened in Academy House, Dublin in November 1934. Robert Lloyd Praeger was elected as the first President of the GSI. In 1944 the Society published its first journal, titled Bulletin of the Geographical Society of Ireland. Within three years this was restyled as Irish Geography – a title it holds to the present day.


The Geographical Society of Ireland strives to promote the status and study of geography in Ireland and enhance its international reputation. The GSI aims to raise awareness of the value and impact of Geography in Ireland through a variety of activities.


  • Hosting in collaboration with individual Geography Departments and Schools, the annual Conference of Irish Geographers, which demonstrates the high quality of geographical research being undertaken in universities and in other public and private institutions across Ireland and beyond. The Conference will mark its 50th year in 2018.

  • The publication of ‘Irish Geography‘ the premier peer-reviewed journal devoted to the geography of Ireland which has an international distribution and is read on six continents. 

  • Each November the society coordinates and promotes GeoWeek – Irish Geography Awareness Week – to coincide with international events. A range of educational activities organised by society members, non-members and universities are highlighted on our website and Geonews blog. 

  • The Society operates an Awards programme that recognises the contribution of Irish Geographers to the study and development of Geography in Ireland and internationally.

  • Throughout the year the Society also collaborates with other organisations to support a range of events across the country

  • The Geographical Society of Ireland actively lobbies government and other organisations on matters of strategic importance, including the status of the subject in the primary and secondary educational systems.


The Geographical Society of Ireland continues to welcome new members from both professionals and members of the public. The current President (2022-24) is Dr Ruth McManus (Dublin City University) email:

The GSI was delighted to host the 2019 EUGEO in Galway, on the west coast of Ireland in May 2019 and Ireland is looking forward to hosting the 2024 IGC in Dublin – details available here:

. For further information please contact the secretariat at  


Irish Geography (

Irish Geography is the leading peer-reviewed international journal on the geography of Ireland and has been published since 1944. An early editorial decision was to concentrate on the geography of Ireland and this has been maintained ever since. More recently, to reflect the changing context and increased importance of globalization and migration to Ireland, an editorial decision was made to extend the scope of the journal to include contributions on the Irish diaspora and overseas networks. In addition to research articles, the journal publishes shorter commentaries, topical reviews, theoretical discussions and book reviews. We encourage contributions within the scope of the journal from those working in a range of disciplines, encourage work by early career researchers and consider comparative papers with a significant Irish component.


Irish Geography is published by the Geographical Society of Ireland and welcomes contributions across the broad spectrum of the discipline. It is published twice per year in May and November.



Geonews is the newsletter of the Geographical Society of Ireland, providing news and information about geography in Ireland and about the activities of the Society. It acts as a forum for the discussion of matters of general geographical interest. GeoNews was previously published twice per year (usually in May and December) but we are currently in the process of moving to a quarterly publication with the following themes. 


  • Spring – Special Edition – Special Feature topics can be proposed by members

  • Summer – Focus on Conference of Irish Geographers

  • Autumn – Focus on what is happening in Geography across the country

  • Winter – Review of events of the Year and looking forward to next years events


Submissions of interest to the wider geographical community (in form of articles, commentary pieces, field trip reports, details on events etc) are always welcome.


If you are interested in submitting to GeoNews please contact the current editor, Paul Alexander, Dept. of Geography, NUI Maynooth.


Hungarian Geographical Society (Magyar Földrajzi Társaság)

The Hungarian Geographical Society was founded in 1872 to promote geographical knowledge in the country. In the year of foundation the Society had 300 members, which doubled by 1900.

During the 19th century the main objective of the Society was to promote geographical research and exploration in the Hungarian part of Austro-Hungarian Monarchy as well as abroad and to publish its results. The Geographical Review (Földrajzi Közlemények), which is the official journal of the Hungarian Geographical Society, was launched in 1873, and it is one of the oldest scientific periodicals published in Hungary. Due to the extraordinary growth in membership the first congress was organized in 1907.

After World War I, science in Hungary was substantially reorganized. The successful recovery of Hungarian geography was led by the Hungarian Geographical Society. The Society was highly active not only in the scientific sphere, but in public life as well. Chaired by the then prime minister, Pál Teleki the Hungarian Geographical Society was one of the most recognized scientific societies in Europe.

After 1945, geography became repressed under stalinist regimes, and the Hungarian Geographical Society was banned in 1948. After four years of break the Society was be reorganized under control of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. The number of members increased continuously, and reached 1500 by the 1980’s. After 1990 the Society had to be transformed into a non-profit organisation.

At present the Hungarian Geographical Society has 900 members, 8 specialised and 15 regional sections; 160-170 oral presentations take place in frame of the sections in a year. Every year the Society organizes its annual congress with scientific programmes and field trips. The Hungarian Geographical Society – as a civil organisation – organizes a lot of public programmes at different levels.

The Society also publishes the periodical Geographical Review (Földrajzi Közlemények), a leading journal in geography in Hungary, which publishes the results of original theoretical and empirical research, as well as reviews in all the fields of geography and significant contributions from other related disciplines. The journal bridges the gap between Hungarian practices of geography and continental European traditions by including articles from both regions. Four issues appear annually providing a solid medium for geographers to publish. All papers are peer reviewed. Besides the Geographical Review the Hungarian Geographical Society has an educational magazine (A Földgömb – The Globe), and the Society publishes some books year by year.

Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers

The Royal Geographical Society with The Institute of British Geographers (RGS-IBG) is a national and international learned society and professional body for geography and geographers.

It was founded in 1830 for the advancement of geographical science and played a major role historically in scientific exploration, dissemination of knowledge, and in developing geography as a discipline in universities and in the school curriculum. It has been among the most active of the learned societies ever since its foundation.

The Society’s activities currently focus on supporting and promoting geographical research, education (secondary and tertiary levels), fieldwork and expeditions, and wider public understanding and enjoyment of geography. It also promotes the contribution of geography to policy and plays a strong role in advocacy for geography. The RGS-IBG voice and role was greatly strengthened by the merger of the Royal Geographical Society with The Institute of British Geographers in 1995, creating one body and facilitating new strategic thinking and developments.

The Society has a membership of approximately 14,000 in the UK and around the world, but as a charity serves a wide range of stakeholders. The programme of activities includes over 150 lectures, seminars and conferences each year, that range from a major programme of popular lectures in London and the nine regional branches to the four day International Annual Conference in September for the research community. RGS-IBG has 23 specialist research groups linked to current research areas within the discipline, and the Society publishes three of the leading international academic geography journals. A specialist unit, the Expedition Advisory Centre, is devoted to the training and advising of young field scientists; and the Public Affairs Unit supports initiatives in policy, advocacy and the media. The Society’s information resources, which amount to over 2 million items dating from 1482 to present – maps, photographs, manuscripts, books and artifacts – have been opened for the first time in 2004 to public use in a £7m project that includes a new Study Centre, complemented by new display, education and meeting facilities, as well as online learning resources.

The Society welcomes applications for Membership, Fellowship and for the accredited professional status of Chartered Geographer (C.Geog.). Details on

Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers
Lowther Lodge
1 Kensington Gore




One of the world’s leading English-language journals of geographical research. It publishes substantial, internationally refereed, original research articles of the highest scholarly standard and reviews books across the full spectrum of the discipline. It has featured for many years in the top three places in the international geography journals citation index. Published in hard copy and online for the Society by Blackwells; complete online archive also available.


Area aims to publish the best of geographical research and scholarship across the field of the subject. The distinctive role of this international journal is to provide rapid publication; to be accessible to new researchers (including post graduate students) at an early stage of their research careers; and to publish shorter articles that focus on topical issues, new results and methodology, and academic debate. Published in hard copy and online for the Society by Blackwells; online archive also available.

Geographical Journal

Published since 1893, it is the Society’s longest standing research journal. It publishes original research papers and review articles ranging across the entire subject of geography and from all parts of the world. It places particular emphasis on publishing papers on all aspects of the environment and development that relate to geographical thought and investigation. Published in hard copy and online for the Society by Blackwells.

Geographical Magazine

The Geographical Magazine is published under licence for the Society. A lively and colourful monthly magazine, it presents geography in its broadest sense to a general readership. Articles cover geographical aspects of cultures, places, adventure, travel, exploration, science and the environment. Available with membership of the Society and through retail outlets.


German Society of Geography (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geographie)

President: Prof. Dr. Werner Gamerith (Passau)

Vice-president: Prof. Dr. Ingrid Hemmer (Eichstaett)

Vice-president: Dr. Frank Czapek (Hannover)

Vice-president: Prof. Dr. Rudolf Juchelka (Duisburg)

Treasurer: Dr. Arno Beyer (Cremlingen)

Secretary General: Florian Stelzer (Passau)

The German Society of Geography (Deutsche Gesellschaft für
Geographie/DGfG) is the umbrella organisation for all geographical
associations and societies in Germany covering about 40,000 members. The
DGfG represents the interests of geographers working at schools,
universities and in applied professions and of geography university
students. The DGfG works to communicate to the public the significance
of geography as a school subject, an academic field and a practical
discipline. It takes a stand on current issues, supports and
co-ordinates the work of the constituent associations, and tries to
build on the synergy effects of the constituent associations. Its
decentralised organisational structure is intended to serve the
particular needs and aims of different professional groups where
geographers are active, and to provide a better organisational backup
for its members.

Within the framework of the German Society of Geography, a range of
more than 30 study groups importantly contributes to research and to the
further theoretical and methodological development of geography. The
DGfG is responsible for the “Conference of German Geographers”
(“Deutscher Kongress für Geographie – DKG”, former “Deutscher
Geographentag – DGT”) which takes place every other year, with the
recent meetings in Vienna (2009), Cologne (International Conference of
the IGU 2012), Passau (2013), Berlin (2015), and Tübingen (2017). Next
DKGs are scheduled for Kiel (2019), Frankfurt (2021), and Bochum

The German Society of Geography was established in 1995. Its
predecessor was the Central Association of German Geographers
(Zentralverband der Deutschen Geographen) which was founded in 1951. The
structural changes made in the 1990s were a necessary adaptation to the
new situation after German reunification.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geographie e.V.
c/o Fach Geographie der Universität Passau
Innstrasse 40
94032  Passau